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Celsus Library – Turkey

Located in Ephesus, Turkey, is the ancient Roman library that was built in 117A.D.; the Celsus library, in honor of the Roman Senator Tiberius Julieu Celsus Polemaeanus, built by his son Gaius Julius Aquila. The library was built to store 12000 scrolls and also to serve as a monumental tomb for Celsus, buried in a crypt beneath the library. It is the third richest library, besides the library of Alexander and Pergamum. It is one of the few remaining examples of an ancient Roman influenced library. This library also shows that public libraries were built not only in Rome but throughout the Roman empire.

Because of an earthquake followed by a fire, the interior of the library was destroyed. The facade was destroyed by another earthquake. A team of archaeologists re-erected the facade between 1970 – 1978. The statues now present are copies of the originals. The original ones were taken to the Ephesus museum in Vienna. These huge old buildings with magnificent architecture make me feel so small. I love visiting places with ancient history!

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